Under the amendment, all countries will gradually reduce HFCs by more than 80% over the next 30 years and replace them with more environmentally friendly alternatives. A certain group of industrialized countries will begin to gradually become debt-ridted in 2019. Several developing countries will freeze consumption of CFCs in 2024, followed by other countries in 2028. The schedule for progressive planning is detailed here. The amendment also contains agreements on CFC destruction technologies, data reporting requirements and capacity-building provisions for developing countries. [UNEP press release] Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin signed a resolution on the adoption of an amendment to the Montreal Protocol on ozone-depleting substances, paving the way for a significant reduction in the consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), which are super-gases. This will significantly reduce the impact of anthropoship on the environment by 2036 and ensure that Russia meets obligations under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement. The Paris agreement on climate change mitigation was followed by another important global agreement, the Kigali Agreement. In this article, we explain the importance of the Kigali Agreement and its relevance to India.
The Kigali Amendment is a legally binding international agreement that aims to create rights and obligations in international law. The amendment is legally binding on a contracting party only if it has come into force with respect to that party. The need for the amendment stems from the 1987 Montreal Protocol, which controls ozone-depleting substances. Because CFCs have been used as an alternative to ozone-depleting substances in refrigeration facilities, their role in global warming has become a major problem. In 2016, the parties to the Montreal Protocol adopted the CFC Convention concluding the 28th Meeting of the Parties (MOP 28) in Kigali, Rwanda. Governments have agreed that it will come into force on January 1, 2019, provided that at least 20 parties to the Montreal Protocol have ratified it. On 17 November 2017, Sweden and Trinidad and Tobago tabled their ratification instruments, exceeding the required threshold. Nairobi, 14 July 2020 – The Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol, an international agreement to reduce the use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), has reached an important milestone: Liberia is the 100th country to ratify the amendment and provide a welcome boost to the global fight against climate change.
In the past, these applications used chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), but in the 1970s we discovered the harmful effect of these gases on the ozone layer, which was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1995.  The Montreal Protocol, signed by many states in 1987 and entered into force in 1989, decided to end the CFCs. The use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) then developed as a replacement. The Kigali agreement is important because it addresses the crucial issue of CFCs. CFCs are powerful greenhouse gases and, to mitigate climate change, countries must strive to reduce their production and use and phase out them. That is why the Kigali agreement is becoming more important. The main features of this agreement are briefly described below. This is a legally binding agreement between the signatories. The Kigali Agreement is an amendment to the Montreal Protocol, an environmental treaty signed by countries to remove ozone-depleting substances (ODS) from the Earth`s atmosphere. Learn more about Kigali Amendment for the preparation of the IAS audit. The Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol is an international agreement to gradually reduce the consumption and production of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). The amendment was accepted at the 28th meeting of the parties to the Montreal Protocol in Kigali on October 15, 2016.